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ARMOUR supports Dr Anthony Turton's Call to action

(published below in case you missed it) Anthony Turton, August 10, 2013  

Interview with Dr Anthony Turton  : SABC 2 FOKUS

In 2002 South Africa officially became a water constrained economy, when the National Water Resource Strategy reported that we had allocated 98% of our total water resource. Subsequent high confidence studies have shown that we over-estimated the water available at the time, so in short, we have allocated all the water that we have. This means that we are simply unable to grow our economy to employ the vast numbers of unemployed. The logical outcome is therefore a revolution that will not only sweep the current regime from power, but also result in widespread misery as looting, fire and hatred consume all before it. We already see the anarchy unfolding as the flames of hatred are stoked by fascist elements.

Our fundamental problem, at least from a water resource management perspective, is that we failed in 2002 to recognize that our economy is water constrained. Had we done so then, we would have shifted focus onto a recycling and recovery basis in which we create New Water from waste and the sea. We have failed to do that so it’s no use crying over spilled milk.

However, the water we have in our national rivers and dams – the resource on which our entire national economy is based – is now polluted by sewage, acid mine drainage, uranium, partially metabolized Estrogen and a cocktail of drugs including antibiotics, antiretrovirals, antidepressants and an exotic concoction of recreational drugs like cocaine and Tik. The sewage crisis is all pervasive. In Welkom the sewage runs raw into rivers and the ground is soggy underfoot. In Johannesburg raw sewage flows from manholes through the Zoo. In Vereeniging entire sewage works discharge 120 million litres of raw sewage a day into the Vaal River system. The Johannesburg North waste water works has been discharging millions of litres a day into the Juksei River without any fear of regulatory intervention. In Pretoria the Rooiwal waste water works have been discharging raw sludge into a wetland in such vast quantities that the ground has become jelly and boreholes are contaminated. Produce farmers between Krugersdorp and Magaliesberg now have to treat borehole water for sewage contamination of the lettuces supplied to the produce market. In many townships residents have to pick their way across a landscape of islands amongst raw untreated sewage. Hartebeestpoort Dam is the most sewage contaminated dam in Africa, if not the world, and best efforts to rectify it are undermined by a failure of the state.

This is systemic failure. It is not about race, politics or religion – its about a crisis of monumental proportions that is likely to see the outbreak of epidemics and the emergence of drug resistant pathogens that are harmful to us all. I am not being a doomsday prophet when I say that we are sitting on a ticking timebomb. The Department of Water and Sanitation puts out lies about fish kills at the Barrage, selectively citing old scientific reports that fish death is “normal” because of “naturally” changing conditions. Our rivers are now polluted with cyanobacteria, toxic single-celled organisms that are amongst the most primitive of all life forms. Neither plant nor animal, they multiply rapidly in the presence of sewage and they release a potent molecule into the water when they are distressed. That single molecule is so small that it cannot be removed by any of the current filtration or water processing technologies used by bulk water suppliers like Rand Water, Umgeni Water and others. The name of that molecule is Microcystin LR and it contains a toxin called ß Methylamino – L – Alanine (BMAA). High confidence scientific studies conducted outside of South Africa show us what BMAA can do when it enters the mammalian food chain and crosses the placenta from mother to unborn child. Space precludes me from elaborating further, but I will after this Call to Action has taken root and become unstoppable. Simply Google these words and become savvy citizens on your own. Learn as you empower yourselves with knowledge.

At the heart of this unfolding disaster are two key elements that I believe we now need to focus on as a society of outraged citizens. These are:

1) A culture of impunity underpinning a system so flawed, that unless we challenge it, we are assured of the collapse of democracy in our troubled land. That culture of impunity manifests as protection by the Ruling Party of any Cadre engaged in corrupt practices or maladministration. One example of many is the plunder of our financial resources by the Zuma / Gupta criminal syndicate, that was aided and protected by Parliament, thereby rendering that organ of oversight dysfunctional. Nomvula Mokonyane plundered the resources of DWS and is simply redeployed to a different ministry without any consequence, while her replacement Gugile Nkwinti makes a public statement that he will not be prosecuting those known to have been involved in maladministration and corruption. The SASSA debacle tells us an identical story as Bathabile Dlamini acts with disregard for the law of the land. The plight of all SOE’s tells the same sad story. This culture of impunity has to end if we are to safeguard the health and wellbeing of our society.

2) At the very heart of this crisis is the interpretation of Chapter 3 of our Constitution – Cooperative Governance. This clause stipulates that different spheres and tiers of government may not encroach on each other. More importantly it states that one organ of state may not resort to the court until all efforts have been made to resolve differences internally. This clause has been (incorrectly) interpreted to mean that the DWS may not intervene in the functions of any municipality, and cannot therefore sanction a dysfunctional sewage works by anything other than a simple letter without any teeth. This means that DWS is toothless as a regulator, so our crisis of Induced Scarcity is driven at the most fundamental level by a constitutional crisis. This cannot continue.

Therefore, I believe that we are now at a moment in time when ALL citizens are impacted, irrespective of their financial status, political affiliation or religious persuasion. This is a UNIVERSAL THREAT to our very stability as a society. We must therefore rise as one, and speak with a single voice to achieve two specific outcomes:

1) We must find a case that can be prosecuted in the criminal court, and then resource a highly competent legal team to do what needs to be done to place a high-ranking Cadre in prison. We must choose this case carefully because it is vital that we secure a conviction. We must not rely on emotion to drive our decisions. We must not allow a pro-bono legal team to do the work, for if it comes at no cost, it also has no value. We must appoint the best, a real Rottweiler, mandate them and then pay them to seek the remedy that we, the citizens, demand. That Rottweiler works for us, not the Ruling Party or the State (one and the same thing).

2) We must approach the Constitutional Court to get clarity on the interpretation of Chapter 3 – Cooperative Governance, for the current interpretation renders all regulatory oversight by central government ineffective. How can any department mandated to exercise oversight, achieve its stated objective without intervening in the activities of other tiers and/or spheres of state?

Now we get to the tough part of my Call to Action. We have no credible leadership left in this country, so we are all floundering. Leadership is a responsibility and a burden, but also a necessary ingredient for success. Therefore, I am willing to step into that leadership position, at least in the initial phases, BUT only if certain conditions are met. If I am to lead this initiative (and I never want to lead it alone so any other leadership is welcome), I will become a target for retribution as we break open rat nests of corruption, so my personal investment into a successful outcome has to be high. A leader needs followers, so this is where you come in. If I am to lead this initiative, at least to the point where it has critical mass and can pass through both the Constitutional and Criminal Courts on its own momentum, then I need you to also commit. What I need you to commit to is two clearly defined things:

(a) I need from you a clear mandate that society feels so strongly about this issue, that they will rally to this one cause. I will measure that commitment by a minimum of 1,000 shares underpinned by a majority of comments in support of this action. Some will always oppose, and professional trolls will deliberately seek to undermine, so we will be vigilant of this. A minimum of 1,000 shares tells me that I have enough support to put myself into the firing line. If we get 10,000 shares that tells us something else. If we get 100,000 shares, it tells us that we have an unstoppable Movement for Positive Change. So, this is my first condition. Less than 1,000 shares and I am not prepared to take this matter any further.

(b) I need each person that commits, to also become financially invested into the outcome. To say to me I must go ahead and enter the battlefield to fight on your behalf is one thing, because if/when I become a casualty then you will not feel the pain. But if each person is to also make a pledge to give some cash, not necessarily more than R10.00 per person, channelled through a crowd funding platform that is fullyMM audited, credible and accountable, then we have a war chest that will enable us to pay for the very best legal team in the country. 100,000 people each giving R10 means that we have R1 million to pay the legal team. Once we have R1 m, I will approach a philanthropist and them to double that to R2 m. Broad based commitment will trigger wider commitment as we raise funds through a range of means that also spreads the message of hope even as we educate people about the personal risks to their health. It will mean that we, the people, will direct that team to serve our collective interest, rather than the interest of a single donor.

In conclusion, my pledge to you is that I am prepared to take a leadership role in building a collaborative broad-based movement for positive change, that has as a defined objective clarification from the Constitutional Court of the Cooperative Governance Chapter; and a criminal prosecution of a Minister, a DG, a Premier or any other Cadre known to be blatantly in violation of the law of this land. No single entity will be at the front, for there are many NGO’s, and each has their own skills to offer our cause. Once the coalition has been formed I will step back and let them carry on. In short, collectively we will draw a line in the sand and claim back our democracy in dignity and in law. The minimum threshold I need is 1,000 shares and a general pledge to support a legitimate and credible crowd funding platform purposely created for this one objective. My own work will be pro bono, so I do not want one red penny of anyone’s money. That money will be used to brief the best legal team that we can muster, and to mandate them to fight OUR cases in the courts of this country.

If you support this, please share and be prepared to become part of an unstoppable Movement for Positive Change through the application of the noble laws of this troubled country. If you are an NGO that is willing to get involved, please make this pledge and take up the cause. If you are a corporation with a social responsibility agenda, please consider adopting this cause for your own marketing initiative.

Today we end the era of impunity and we reinstate the principle of accountability central to any functional democracy.

There's so much more to the plastic pollution crisis than plastic bags

Water Research Commission, June 19 2018  
The Water Research Commission recently demonstrated the presence of substantial amounts of micro to nano-sized plastic particles in selected surface, tap and ground water sources in South Africa.

Microplastics in water sources could originate from industrial pellets, microbeads used in personal care products, micro/nanofibres used in clothing items, as well as abrasives from synthetic sand-blasting.

These minute plastic particles end up in our rivers because wastewater treatment plants are not designed to remove them. Secondary microplastic fragments are those that are derived from the degradation of larger plastic pieces.

Stop polluting, Minister Visits Hartebeespoort

SA News, June 15 2018  
Water and Sanitation Minister Gugile Nkwinti has warned that as long as the conditions in the communities around the water sources do not change, there will continue to be difficulties that go on forever.  “Upstream must be properly identified as to where the pollution emanates from. The technical team must inform the politicians accordingly,” Minister Nkwinti said.

The Minister was addressing principals during a site visit at the Northern Operations Office of the department situated at the Hartbeespoort Dam. The Minister paid a first visit to the Hartbeespoort Dam on Friday morning to receive an on-site briefing on operations around the dam, one of the department’s critical infrastructures within the North West Province.

The Hartbeespoort Dam is strategic as it receives the inflow from both the City of Johannesburg and City of Tshwane. It also forms part of the Mokolo-Crocodile Project that is still under conceptualization, and it is a source for the Brits Water Treatment Works that is crucial for Madibeng Local Municipality.

Source of discontent

The briefing centred mainly around issues of water quality and land matters, which have become a source of discontent within the community and affecting tourism which is critical for the economic activity within the area. In his remarks, Nkwinti said the issue of the state of the dam is raised mainly at the Portfolio Committee on Water and Sanitation, as well as through the media.

“As a member of the Presidential Infrastructure Co-coordinating Commission (PICC) I also receive lots of reports on old infrastructure and particularly dams; Harties being one of those that are mainly referred to, especially the pollution in the water. This visit is meant to listen to the officials working with and on the dam, and also see the conditions for myself,” he said.

The presentation on Friday detailed the life of the dam from inception and all matters that affect the dam, including population growth, old and ageing infrastructure, complex socio-economic conditions in township settlements, such as failing infrastructure, as well as land matters. The presentation also highlighted a need for the infrastructure in municipalities upstream of the dam that need to be ensured that they comply with licence conditions.

Change attitude

Nkwinti said department officials need to change their attitude and ’release themselves’.

“Officials of the department underestimate themselves. This is something that I am discovering as I go around the country and engaging with officials.

“We must also get rid of the silo mentality as dictated by red tape. This is a systemic challenge that can only be changed by officials themselves. As a Minister I need to be informed by the technical training that officials have undergone,” he said.

Economic Development, Tourism and Agriculture Member of Mayoral Committee, DS Maimane welcomed the Minister’s visit, saying that it will enhance the cooperation between the department and the municipality.

“The issue of access to the dam also has racial undertones that cannot be afforded. There is also some information that the municipality received about the possibility of a land claim that might impact on the dam and its use. We would like to see you more Minister so that we can move together,” Maimane told Nkwinti. –

First 100 days: Gugile Nkwinti tackles water and sanitation in SA

Daily Maverick, June 7 2018  
Engagement and building consensus has been the hallmark of Minister Gugile Nkwinti’s style of leadership, especially in his first 100 days of office in the Department of Water and Sanitation. 

When, more than three months ago, the newly sworn-in President, Cyril Ramaphosa, told then-Rural Development and Land Reform Minister, Gugile Nkwinti, that he was to be moved from his post to becoming the political head of one of the most important departments in the country, the Department of Water and Sanitation (DWS), the veteran Eastern Cape politician was not fazed.

“Thuma Mina”, the new minister said, despite the many challenges that faced the department – including the ongoing drought in the Western Cape, the staggering financial and technical challenges facing the water sector and the massive work needed to improve the country’s water infrastructure.

However, while the minister expected it to be tough; he did not expect that he would be locked out of his Pretoria office at his first visit. The National Education, Health and Allied Workers Union (Nehawu) had barricaded entry as the union was on strike. Minister Nkwinti then set up a meeting where he engaged the union leadership; set up a joint task team to look at the issues; and, “three or four days thereafter we met to receive the report and agreed on the way forward”.

This method of engagement and building consensus has been the hallmark of Minister Nkwinti’s style of leadership at the DWS, especially in his first 100 days of office. Minister Nkwinti has now reached the 100 days mark at the department – and many have begun feeling the impact of his work.

The results of the engagements with water boards and others, Nkwinti told lawmakers, was the development of a Five Pillar Turnaround Strategy. Key to the Strategy is the creation of a National Water Resources and Services Authority: RSA; a National Water Resources and Services Regulator: RSA; a Water Resources and Services Value Chain; a Water Resources and Services Master Plan and Institutional Rationalisation and Organisational Alignment. The department streamlined its organogram and a new accounting officer is at the helm.

Further, Minister Nkwinti said the Department had decided to reduce construction costs by prioritising an internal Construction Unit. This state-controlled construction company will have a share equity regime where the State owns 51%, historically disadvantaged individuals with own 30% with direct investment totalling 19%.

While busy transforming the way the Department works, Minister Nkwinti also made it his business to visit the department’s key project to get a sense of what is happening on the ground.

Deborah Mochotlhi is the newly appointed Acting Director-General of the Department of Water and Sanitation.

Jukskei River flows yellow

Helen Duigan, June 7 2018 

 The Jukskei River below the N14 regularly flows yellow. Efforts have been made to find the source. The Google maps picture in the link below clearly shows the source - Lion Park Quarries, downstream from Northern Works. The picture was sent to DWS with a request to investigate.

view picture

Plea to save the Hennops

Dept of Water & Sanitation, May 16 2018 

A response from the Department of Water and Sanitation to Willem Snyman's queries and "Plea to save the Hennops" (15 May) has been received:

 Read More

The sad case of the Hennops, once the cleanest river in Gauteng

Willem Snyman, River Ranger, May 15 2018 

 Another foaming, raw-sewage filled day for the Hennops River, and I am trying to fathom the catastrophe: the sad case of the Hennops, once the cleanest river in Gauteng, deteriorating into the most polluted. Ancient ecosystems collapsing in less than a decade, billions of freshwater creatures now gone, their habitat turned into a highly polluted wasteland.

To try and understand how this tragedy was possible I went on a tour of Sunderland Ridge Waste Water Treatment Works, currently operating at around 60% efficiency. The treatment process is a relatively simple one of settling and agitation that is repeated in the same modules, using much electricity to turn large machines. It appears regular cable theft is the Achilles Heel bringing this system to its knees. Cable theft now even takes place in broad daylight, with thieves breaking through a wall. Security is still under the control of the Metro Police. Additional security should be provided by the Works but this costs money.

The funding could be provided from an unexpected source. Joburg Water sends some sewage to be treated here, but it seems because of clerical problems JW's payment never reaches the Plant where it is needed. The last I could ascertain was that Joburg Water is waiting for invoices from Tshwane Municipality before they can pay, but nobody at Sunderland knows where to read the flow volume to do this. There appears to be payment due, going back a decade, which could help the Plant to function properly and protect itself against constant cable theft. Joburg Water should take some of the responsibility, as some of its waste ends up in the Hennops. And Tshwane should allocate these funds to where it is desperately needed..

Once the water is free of pollution the long road to rehabilitation can start to restore one of the greatest assets of Tshwane and Gauteng. The headwater sources are still pure and this ancient fountain-river and life-source that nourished our first ancestors must be brought back to life again - to help heal our toxic world and give life to us once again.

Standfontein desalination plant starts delivering water into supply system in Cape Town

Infrastructure and Utilities News, May 22, 2018

The City of Cape Town announced on Monday, 21 May, that the temporary desalination plant in Strandfontein is now delivering treated desalinated water into the supply system.

According to executive deputy mayor Ian Neilson, the plant is currently injecting 4.7-million litres per day into the reticulation system. It is expected that the plant will reach full production of 7-million litres during June 2018.

"Our reverse osmosis desalination plant in the Waterfront area is close to producing 2-million litres of drinking water per day while progress on the desalination plant at Monwabisi is also progressing well, with first water expected to be delivered by June and full production to be reached by July, if all goes according to plan. This plant is also set to produce 7-million litres per day," said Neilson.

He went on to emphasise that these projects provide only a small contribution of the city's daily requirements, and that consumers should continue to reduce water usage. "We have done well so far, and we must keep up our savings efforts during winter and in preparation for Summer 2018/19. We must continue to stretch our existing water supplies as we simply do not know what the actual winter rainfall will be."

Mogale's Silent Assassin  

Jan Brandt, February 8, 2018

Borehole water test results confirm sewage leaks contaminate underground water around Pinehaven in Mogale.  Resident Jan Brandt is fighting against official apathy as the disaster spreads.                                                                                                  

“Following concerns raised by Mogale residents as to the quality of the water from their boreholes in the area close to the Pinehaven raw sewage pump stations where numerous spillages occurred, the DA claimed that this type of contamination is impossible. The DA went further and said that they will be testing water and take action if more residents come forward with complaints.  - November 16, 2017. Despite the area being within Ward 39, a long time DA ward, the DA took no further action. 

Three samples showing contaminated water were taken close to the Pinehaven pump station and close to the wetlands downstream from Pinehaven and the Steynsvlei dam.

The E coli and coliform levels in these samples were dangerously far outside the National Water specification limits, in fact the most probable number of coliforms for one sample is of the same order as those of the surface waters. If there were underground sources of contamination in the area, then SPL 1 and SPL 3 would have indicated it.

Secondly, it is unlikely that boreholes will be contaminated by one isolated spillage from the pump stations, except if the spilled raw sewage is allowed to flow into the boreholes. Seeing that as long ago as 2005 judgment was given against Mogale City Local Municipality (Case 2005/2412 -WLD) and a number of references on record where Mogale City reflected on the serious problems in the Muldersdrift area resulting from the lack of infrastructure, nobody in his right mind would buy the explanations offered by the DA.

As to the seven sample results on the surface water, without exception, these results speak for themselves. As we are dealing with an invisible entity, residents do not necessarily connect their ailments to water contamination, especially as they are conditioned to thinking around treated drinking water from sources such as Rand Water. What is not taken into account, is the contact with contaminated surface water, be it from drinking (also by animals), swimming, washing, laundering or irrigating crops with it.

 For the DA and indeed Mogale City Local Municipality, in the north-west quadrant of the Witwatersrand, specifically the bigger Pinehaven node inclusive of Steynsvlei, Northvale and Heuningklip, kicking the can down the road, did not work and we have now run out of road.

Neither known nor appreciated, malfeasance, dysfunctionality, incompetence or some combination thereof, created the presence of a silent assassin. This invisible, but potentially deadly entity, in the form of life-threatening bacteria and pathogens, could well have and be generating huge costs for the community through infections, hospital and medical bills, immediate and long-term health problems and the diminution of property values.

In this process, the values enshrined in the South African Constitution have been ignored and nullified, including the right of community engagement and the right to a remedy. It is so sad that despite numerous studies and reports which adequately identified potential issues in the region and professionally recommended action, the problem was allowed to escalate to the life-threatening consequences now being faced.” 

A Re Sebetseng - Mayor's Clean Up Campaign

Feedback Report, John du Plessis, November 04, 2017 

ARMOUR commends and supports the campaign by Johannesburg Mayor to clean up the city !!

Litter is the blight of Gauteng's rivers. Litter deposited in the streets of the city accumulates during the dry season and then with the first rain and floods gets washed into the river systems. River clean up campaigns such as Spruitday have found computer and electronic equipment, clothing, mattresses, cables and cable casing from electricity and telecomms companies and of course millions of plastic bags.

A Re Sebetseng creates an opportunity to clean up rubbish before it enters the river systems. ARMOUR met Mayor Herman Mashaba at the latest clean-up and presented him with the ARMOUR brochure while updating him on our mission and objectives. The mayor expressed his support for the work being done by ARMOUR

We also strongly commend Kenya for banning plastic bags entirely.

The "Last Straw" campaign aims to eliminate the use of plastic straws.

Plastics take between 500 to 1,000 years to break down, also enter the human food chain through fish and other animals. Many bags drift into the ocean, strangling turtles, suffocating seabirds and filling the stomachs of dolphins and whales with waste until they die of starvation.

Mayor Receives ARMOUR brochure from John duP

A Day's catch from the river banks

Braamfonteinspruit after flood

Klein Jukskei after flood

Update on Jukskei (Alexandra) Rehabilitation project

John du Plessis, Issued 25 September 2017

The City of Joburg (CoJ) has commenced with planned upgrades on the Upper Jukskei River, with the latest CoJ budget making R5 million available for this project, for the establishment of a greenbelt park in Alexandra. Area rehabilitation experts Plantwise were appointed to construct the park, which started with the stabilisation of the river banks, planting indigenous trees and installing playground equipment, as well as building a 5-a-side indoor football court, an outdoor (tennis?) court and a cycle path. The results are truly excellent! 

Plantwise Site Manager - Riaan

Bank stabilisation using gabions

Indoor 5 a side soccer 

Park and cycle path

Unfortunately, the Jukskei River itself and the river bank opposite the development is in a sorry state. The banks are eroded, illegal dumping threatens previous stabilisation and the river is littered and foul with sewerage.

Eroded and unstable banks

Illegal dumping into the river

Sewerage and litter fouls the river

Mr Pule Makena of City Parks hopes that the residents will use and take ownership of the new park facilities and that in turn, this will encourage a sense of pride that leads to a clean-up of this section of the Jukskei.

Further upgrades are planned for other sites on the Jukskei River, but are constrained by the available budgets. This is an opportunity for private companies and individuals to come together and assist in  addressing the problems. 

Come on Joburg let's work together to fix the Jukskei and make it a living resource !

50 000 litres of sewage flow into SA's rivers every second

M&G article:  Sipho Kings, 21 Jul 2017  

South Africa’s municipal sewage system has largely collapsed. Of the 824 treatment plants, maybe only 60 release clean water.

Raw or partially treated sewage flows into rivers throughout the country, turning dams green and killing people who drink the polluted water. From big metros such as Johannesburg to towns like Villiers in the Free State, what is flushed down the toilet either escapes out of broken pipes or from the plants meant to treat it back to safe quality.

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Mogale City: Erge Besoedelings- en Gesondheidsprobleme

Created: 28 July 2017 

Photo supplied by TripAdvisor

The Crocodile River tumbles down a beautiful waterfall into the Walter Sisulu Botanical Gardens, visited and enjoyed by thousands of people every year. Several sewage leaks into the upper reaches of the river have been reported.  As the river ignores municipal boundaries and runs through both Joburg and Mogale municipalities, it complicated matters as to who is responsible for maintenance.  ARMOUR contacted the Sewer Network Manager of  Joburg Water, who provided a contact in Mogale's Wastewater Network department, as well as tasking his own officials with fixing the Joburg leaks. 

With the involvement of the Roodepoort Neighbourhood Watch and local Councillors several leaks have been fixed on both the Mogale and the Joburg side.  A check will be done on the more inaccessible areas of the kloof above the waterfall and Joburg Water has promised to follow up.

Further,  raw sewage has been flowing for months around Pinehaven, the Pinehaven Hospital and not far from Cradlestone Mall and the Silverstar Casino,into the Crocodile/ Limpopo water catchment area through Steynsvlei on its way to Hartebeespoort dam. ARMOUR is currently investigating.

Download report.

 Environmental Authorisation: Jukskei (Alexandra) Rehabilitation project

Maragela Consulting Engineers,  Issued 30 March 2017

GDARD has granted COJ environmental authorisation for the Jukskei River Rehabilitation Project. In summary the remediation measures proposed at 14 sites across the Jukskei from Atholl to Waterval  on the Modderspruit and Jukskei include :

  • General clean up, litter removal and waste baskets
  • Removal of illegal dumping
  • Alien vegetation removal and replanting indigenous
  • Dredging of silted areas
  • Erosion prevention and Slope stabilisation
  • Removal of unrequired weirs and fishways where these are retained
  • Litter traps at selected places
  • Wetlands at selected places

The Masterplan for the Jukskei, although not fully incorporated in the work at hand, provides a long term objectives and vision.

See COJ Presentation